Tax laws are relaxed for the them to ease their financial burden.
Income of up to Rs 3 lakh is non-taxable.
For super senior citizens (over 80 year of age), income of up to Rs 5 lakh is non-taxable.
Health insurance premium of up to Rs 30,000 gets tax deduction under Section 80D of Income Tax Act 1961.
Senior citizens suffering from a critical illness can avail a tax deduction of up to Rs 60,000 under Section 80DDB. The limit is increased to Rs 80,000 for super seniors.
Senior citizens can avail of various discounts on fares.
01. Air travel
Air-India: Senior citizens with Indian citizenship, who are over 60, are eligible for 50% discount on economy fare for domestic travel.
02. Rail travel
Men over the age of 60, and women over the age of 58 are eligible for 40% and 50% discount respectively. The discount is available on fares of all classes of Mail/Express/Rajdhani/Shatabdi/Jan Shatabdi/ Duranto trains.
03. Bus travel
Some municipal corporation and state governments give concession to senior citizens on bus fare. Certain bus seats are also reserved for them.
They get higher interest on investments
The Senior Citizen's Saving Scheme is available to all seniors over the age of 60. It offers interest of 8.4% per annum.
Senior citizens get 0.5% higher interest rate on fixed deposits than the standard rate
Their telephone bills are subsidized
BSNL: Senior citizen over 65 are eligible for registration of telephone on priority. Registration charges are also waived for them.
MTNL: Senior citizen over 65 are eligible for 25% concession on installation charges and monthly service charges for landlines connections.
Banks, hospitals, etc. make special allowances for them
Separate queues for the elderly in hospitals for registration and clinical examination.
Senior citizens over the age of 60 can write to the court for preferential hearing of their cases.
Senior citizens can be issued a passport on post police verification basis if they submit a copy of the passport of their child (above 18) staying abroad (with a page having their name) as an additional document along with their application form.
Bank branches have separate queues for the elderly.
Most banks have special accounts for senior citizens that offer facilities like issuing senior citizen cards, priority service at branches, etc
The government has several senior citizen welfare schemes.